To configure disk drives in CentOS 7 for separate home directories, you can follow these general steps:
- Before proceeding, make sure you have any necessary backups of your data. Modifying disk configurations can be risky, and it’s always wise to have backups in case of data loss.
- Identify the new disk drives you want to use for the home directories. Ensure they are properly connected to your CentOS 7 system and recognized by the operating system. You can use tools like
fdisk -lto list available disks.
- Once you have identified the disks, you need to partition and format them. Use a utility like
partedto create a partition on each disk. For example, you can use the command
sudo fdisk /dev/sdX(replace ‘X’ with the appropriate drive identifier) to launch the partitioning tool.
- After partitioning, format the partitions using a file system of your choice. For instance, you can use
mkfs.ext4to format the partitions as ext4 file systems. The command syntax would be something like
sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdX1(replace ‘X’ and ‘1’ with the correct drive and partition numbers).
- Create mount points for the new partitions. You can choose suitable names for the mount points, such as
/home2. Use the
mkdircommand to create these directories, e.g.,
sudo mkdir /home1and
sudo mkdir /home2.
- Edit the
/etc/fstabfile using a text editor like
nano. Add entries for the new partitions, specifying the appropriate disk device, mount point, file system type, and mount options. For example:
/dev/sdX1 /home1 ext4 defaults 0 2
/dev/sdX2 /home2 ext4 defaults 0 2
- Save and exit the
- Mount the new partitions using the
mountcommand or by rebooting the system. If you don’t want to restart, you can use the following command to mount all file systems listed in
sudo mount -a.
- Verify that the new partitions are successfully mounted by checking if the directories
/home2contain the correct data from the respective partitions.
By following these steps, you should be able to set up separate disk drives for home directories in CentOS 7. Remember to exercise caution while working with disks and ensure you have appropriate backups in place.